A saying true to every word. There is a difference between discussion and argument, and since we are literate, we should always favour discussion.

You must be wondering, why are you talking about argument and discussion suddenly? It is not sudden; it is discussion season.

As the exam season comes to its final leap, the Group Discussion leads in, and it is time we begin our final preparations for round two by understanding the Group Discussion (GD) process. In this piece, we shall delve into What is Group Discussion (GD)?,Group Discussion process, different formats of the GD, the evaluation criteria, and the background preparation essential to give us a solid groundwork in whichever GD we participate in.

Group Discussion plays an important role in the selection process for MBA since the last few years, it has been replaced by WAT (Writing Ability Test) at most IIMs. On the other hand, IIM-K still conducts the GD along with the WAT on the same topic. In most reputed B-schools other than the IIMs, Group Discussion continues to be a part of the evaluation process. It must be observed that it tests many abilities and qualities that used to be tested in the WAT, and therefore a solid preparation for the Group Discussion will ultimately help the candidate in acing his/her responses to the WAT topics.


Group Discussion(GD) normally comprises 10 to 15 participants at a time. The Group Discussion process commences by the declaration of the topic to the group, which is followed by giving preparation time of 3 to 5 minutes to everyone. Sometimes, more than 5 minutes’ preparation time may be given only in the case that the topic is based on a case-study and requires longer statements.

As the preparation time comes to an end, the selection panel indicates the group to start off the discussion, and from then on plays the role of a silent observer, which means that they will not moderate or mediate the discussion. The group members have the liberty to discuss the topic as they view appropriate without any kind of suggestion from the panel. The panel does not specify the number of speakers and anybody can start or end the discussion. Even the time limit can be flouted.

The average duration of most Group Discussions is about 15 minutes (minus the preparation time). In some special cases (such as IIFT), the Group Discussion may continue for more than 30 to 45 minutes.

Please Note: The longer the Group Discussion(GD) gets on, the extra seriously the panel looks at the quality of the content of the candidate.

The panel typically is of 3 or 4 panellists, who will monitor numerous facets of the participants’ content and delivery. Note that the panellists have the liberty to end the Group Discussion if they want to or can extend it for as much as they feel like. It is not the participant’s job to keep time or worry about the Group Discussion ending in 15 minutes. The Group Discussion can end in either of the two ways:

  • First, the panel may abruptly end the Group Discussion
  • Second, they may ask a participant (or more than one participant) to summarise the Group Discussion.

If a participant is asked to summarise the Group Discussion, they need to be aware of what summary means. Summary cannot be outside the Group Discussion and they will have to stick to the points discussed. It is also common that the quietest participant is given a chance to summarize the Group Discussion so that he/she may present their views as well. The summarization, however, must be impartial.


Group Discussion is important and every MBA pursuing student knows the value of it. Candidate’s in the final year are well informed about it. Group discussion plays a massive role in the interviewing process. To understand the place of Group Discussion, you need to understand the point of view of an interviewer or a panellist. How it is important for a candidate and how to go about preparing for it. Don’t forget to read about some of the most asked MBA interview questions and why they are famous for all interviewers.

A Group Discussion round is conducted to test the ability of a candidate’s interactive skills. A group discussion is a situation where you interact with people you have ideally never interacted before; it is more like swimming in a soup. You will be judged on how you get along with them and how well you are able to put your point across without being demeaning or mean or rude. It also checks whether you can be a part of a team or not or are you a people’s person?

It is best if you practice for Group Discussion while preparing for the entrance exam as it gives you ample time to be aware of yourself with current affairs and different prominent topics. Also work on your soft skills, eye contact and body language.


Group Discussions can be divided into 3 types:


The matter for these types of Group discussion is based on current affairs or static matters. Students are advised to be thorough with these and read newspapers daily to be up to date. Also, these discussions are not time bound.


In this student are given situations especially out of a business and will be judged on how they reach a solution to the problem. They will be required to analyse the situation and give their views.


This kind of discussion gives no outline of the topic, which means no one knows which direction to take. The participants must use innovative strategies and ideas to steer the discussion. The topic could be one word or a sentence, but no one usually knows what to say on that or what the panel might like.

Contrary to what is understood, Group Discussions do not differ on difficulty level. A good weightage is based on it and the panel makes sure only the one deserving get through


The evaluation of participants is based on two kinds:

  • Individual Qualities
  • Group Skills

Your content matters. Period. What you must present during the ongoing discussion is being noted and reveals your comprehension skills. It is not necessary to talk a lot, sometimes quality matters rather than quantity. Even if you speak for like 2 minutes, make sure you present your ideas clearly and confidently. The panel does not want unnecessary jabber instead they want you to present a solid groundwork. Steer clear form irrelevant words.

Analytical skills

Every discussion is based on facts, so get your facts straight. The panel would like you dive into the ‘how’ and ‘why’ of the question. Your analytical skills are tested on a higher level and you are put to harshest of tests.

Reasoning skills

A topic requires you to reason with. The panel is interested in understanding how efficiently you reveal your reasoning skills. Not just with your argument but also how you take someone else’s argument and turn it into yours. It is more like directing a conversation.

Organisation skills

Your argument should be organized. No amount of details or facts would matter if you are not able to present them in an organized manner. Think for a minute before you open your mouth.

Communication skills

Well since it is a Group Discussion, communication skills matter. How well do you communicate? Ask yourself this question. Are you able to speak in a simple term which others can understand? Or are you self-proclaimed Shashi Tharoor? Our advice sticks to the former.


Remember how back in school Sky used to be purple? It is like that; you added your own colour to the sky now it is time to colour the argument differently. Think way outside the box. If everyone is thinking that way, think inside the box.

Now that you know how you will be assessed, make sure to focus on specific areas of improvement during your practice GDs. Identify your shortcomings and work on that. Hire a trainer if you can or join an institute that will help you prepare.

Learn More About Evaluation Criteria For Group Discussion


Dress Formally

A person’s sense of dressing speaks a lot. Do not go on a crop top and jeans and T-shirt trail when going for a Group Discussion. Dress in smart formals for Group Discussion. Also make sure that you are comfortable. Dressing up nicely boosts your confidence level and increases your chance of making a good impression.

Speak First

Try to open the GD. Do not be disheartened if you cannot as someone else got the chance, but if you do, it is a big plus point. But it will only be favourable if you have understood the topic clearly. Even if you do not speak first, make sure to frame your argument well for your turn.

Eye Contact

Keep calm and relax. It is just a GD not a matter of life and death. Maintain eye contact with everyone, they are just as nervous as you are.

Let others speak

Give others a chance to speak. Do not cut them off. It does not give a good impression. Wait for your turn to present your arguments.

Be Assertive

Be polite. Use simple language to convey your thoughts. Do not be dominating. If you do not agree with someone’s argument, put your point forward in a calm and respectful manner.

Be Sensible

Sometimes, it is easy to get carried away and we just end up speaking nonsense. Try to refrain from that. Do not keep going just so that you can get extra time, hence, extra highlight. It would not work if your argument is not strong enough anyway. Stick to the point and once you are done presenting it, kindly give others a chance to speak.

GD Weightage

In most of the IIMs and colleges, Group Discussion carries substantiate weightage. Every college has different weightage for GD so it is a little difficult to tell exactly how much scores you can get in GD. But it can range from 10% to 20% and if it is a part of PI and WAT, it carries a joint 50% weightage.

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